Establishing Secure TCP/IP Connections in SSH Tunnel Mode

Background

To ensure secure communication between the database server and its clients, secure SSH tunnels can be established between the database server and clients. SSH is a reliable security protocol dedicated to remote login session and other network services.

Regarding the SSH client, the SSH provides the following two security authentication levels:

  • Password-based security authentication: Use an account and a password to log in to a remote host. All transmitted data is encrypted. However, the connected server may not be the target server. Another server may pretend to be the real server and perform the man-in-the-middle attack.
  • Key-based security authentication: A user must create a pair of keys and put the public key on the target server. This mode prevents man-in-the-middle attacks while encrypting all transmitted data. However, the entire login process may last 10s.

Prerequisites

The SSH service and the database must run on the same server.

Procedure

OpenSSH is used as an example to describe how to configure SSH tunnels. The process of configuring key-based security authentication is not described here. OpenSSH provides multiple configurations to adapt to different networks. For more details, see documents related to OpenSSH.

Establish the SSH tunnel from a local host to the database server.

ssh -L 63333:localhost:8000 username@hostIP

NOTE:

  • The first digit string (63333) of the -L parameter indicates the local port ID of the tunnel and can be randomly selected.
  • The second digit string (8000) indicates the remote port ID of the tunnel, which is the port ID on the server.
  • localhost is the IP address of the local host, username is the username on the database server to be connected, and hostIP is the IP address of the database server to be connected.
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    openGauss 2024-04-24 00:46:07
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