Locks

To ensure database data consistency, you can execute the LOCK TABLE statement to prevent other users from modifying tables.

For example, an application needs to ensure that data in a table is not modified during transaction running. For this purpose, table usage can be locked. This prevents data from being concurrently modified.

The LOCK TABLE statement is useless outside a transaction block, because the lock would remain held only to the completion of the statement.

Syntax

LOCK [ TABLE ] name  IN lock_mode MODE

Parameter Description

  • name

    Specifies the name of the table to be locked.

  • lock_mode

    Specifies the lock mode. The basic modes are as follows:

    • ACCESS EXCLUSIVE

      Guarantees that the holder is the only transaction accessing the table in any way. It is the default lock mode.

    • ACCESS SHARE

      Indicates the lock mode for reading tables without modifying them.

Examples

Obtains an ACCESS EXCLUSIVE lock on a table when going to perform a delete operation.

-- Create a sample table.
openGauss=# CREATE TABLE graderecord  
             (  
             number INTEGER,  
             name CHAR(20),  
             class CHAR(20),  
             grade INTEGER
             );
-- Insert data.
openGauss=# insert into graderecord values('210101','Alan','21.01',92);  
insert into graderecord values('210102','Ben','21.01',62);  
insert into graderecord values('210103','Brain','21.01',26);  
insert into graderecord values('210204','Carl','21.02',77);  
insert into graderecord values('210205','David','21.02',47);  
insert into graderecord values('210206','Eric','21.02',97);  
insert into graderecord values('210307','Frank','21.03',90);  
insert into graderecord values('210308','Gavin','21.03',100); 
insert into graderecord values('210309','Henry','21.03',67);  
insert into graderecord values('210410','Jack','21.04',75);  
insert into graderecord values('210311','Jerry','21.04',60);

-- Start the process.
openGauss=# START TRANSACTION;

-- Provide the example table.
openGauss=# LOCK TABLE graderecord IN ACCESS EXCLUSIVE MODE;

-- Delete the example table.
openGauss=# DELETE FROM graderecord WHERE name ='Alan';

openGauss=# COMMIT;
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    openGauss 2024-04-21 00:47:23
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