FAQs

What Should I Do If Mutual Trust Between Nodes in openGauss Is Lost?

Symptom

Mutual trust established for a specific user is lost. The system requires a password for SSL connections.

sc_ssh@node1:~/.ssh> ssh node2
Password:

Possible Causes

  • The SSHD service is not running.
  • SSH-based access is prohibited by the firewall.
  • The user does not have the required permission for the root directory.
  • The user does not have the required permission for the public key file.
  • The keys recorded in the known_hosts file conflict with the IP addresses.
  • The public key does not match the user's private key.

Procedure

  • Check whether the SSHD service is running.

    1. Run the service sshd status command to check the status of the SSHD service.
    2. If the SSHD service is disabled, run the service sshd start command to enable it.
  • Check whether the system firewall is enabled.

    1. Run the **systemctl status firewalld.service **command to view the openGauss firewall status.
    2. If the system firewall is enabled, run **systemctl stop firewalld.service **to disable it.
  • Check whether the user does not have the required permission for the root directory.

    1. Run the ll command to check the properties of the root directory. Check whether the owner group of the directory is the same as that of the user and whether the user has read and write permissions on the directory.
    2. Run the chown command to change the owner group of the root directory and run the chmod command to change the permission on the directory if necessary.
  • Check whether the user does not have the required permission for the public key file.

    1. View the ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub file to check whether the owner group of the file is the same as that of the user and whether the user has read and write permissions on the file.
    2. Run the chown command to change the owner group of the file and run the chmod command to change the permission on the file if necessary.
  • Check whether the keys recorded in the known_hosts file conflict with the IP addresses.

    View the ~/.ssh/known_hosts file to check whether the keys recorded in the file conflict with the IP addresses. If conflicts are detected, exceptions may be caused by changes to the specified IP addresses. In this case, delete the original public keys in the file.

  • Check whether the public key matches the user's private key.

    If the problem persists after the preceding causes are excluded, the public key may mismatch the private key. In this case, delete all the files in the public key directory .ssh and configure the trust relationship manually.

Establishing Mutual Trust Using a Script

  1. Create the file for executing the mutual trust script, and add the IP addresses of all the hosts in the openGauss to the file.

    plat1:/opt/software/openGauss> vim hostfile
    192.168.0.1
    192.168.0.2
    192.168.0.3
    
  2. Execute the script as the user who needs to establish mutual trust with the hosts.

  3. Execute the following script to establish mutual trust:

    plat1:/opt/software/openGauss/script# gs_sshexkey -f /opt/software/hostfile
    

    The /opt/software/hostfile file contains a list of the hosts. The list provides the IP addresses of all the hosts among which mutual trust needs to be established.

Establishing Mutual Trust Manually

If the passwords of user root on the hosts in the openGauss are different, the gs_preinstall script cannot be used to establish mutual trust. In this case, manually establish mutual trust.

NOTE: The following files are generated during establishment of mutual trust: authorized_keys, id_rsa, id_rsa.pub, and known_hosts. Do not delete or corrupt the files.

The procedure of manually establishing mutual trust is as follows (plat1, plat2, and plat3 are host names):

  1. Generate a licensed file for user root on any host (referred to as the local host). Host plat1 is used as an example.

    a. Generate a key.

    ssh-keygen -t rsa
    

    The following is an example:

    plat1:~ # ssh-keygen -t rsa 
    Generating public/private rsa key pair.
    Enter file in which to save the key (/root/.ssh/id_rsa): 
    Created directory '/root/.ssh'.
    Enter passphrase (empty for no passphrase): 
    Enter same passphrase again: 
    Your identification has been saved in /root/.ssh/id_rsa.
    Your public key has been saved in /root/.ssh/id_rsa.pub.
    The key fingerprint is:
    d5:35:46:33:27:22:09:f0:1e:12:a7:87:fa:33:3f:ab root@plat1
    The key's randomart image is:
    +--[ RSA 2048]----+
    |      o.o.....O .|
    |       *  .o + * |
    |      + + . .    |
    |     . + o       |
    |    .   S        |
    |     .           |
    |      +          |
    |       +.        |
    |      E.oo       |
    +-----------------+
    

    b. Generate the licensed file.

    cat .ssh/id_rsa.pub >> .ssh/authorized_keys
    

    The following is an example:

    plat1:~ # cat .ssh/id_rsa.pub >> .ssh/authorized_keys
    
  2. Obtain the public keys of all the hosts among which mutual trust needs to be established, and write the public keys into the known_hosts file on the local host. This step needs to be performed on the host where Step 1 is performed. You need to obtain the public keys of the plat1, plat2, and plat3 hosts.

    a. Obtain the public key of host plat1, and write the public key into the known_hosts file on the local host.

    ssh-keyscan -t rsa plat1 >> ~/.ssh/known_hosts
    

    The following is an example:

    plat1:~ # ssh-keyscan -t rsa plat1 >> ~/.ssh/known_hosts 
    # plat1 SSH-2.0-OpenSSH_5.1 
    

    b. Obtain the public key of host plat2, and write the public key into the known_hosts file on the local host.

    ssh-keyscan -t rsa plat2 >> ~/.ssh/known_hosts
    

    The following is an example:

    plat1:~ # ssh-keyscan -t rsa plat2 >> ~/.ssh/known_hosts 
    # plat2 SSH-2.0-OpenSSH_5.1 
    

    c. Obtain the public key of host plat3, and write the public key into the known_hosts file on the local host.

    ssh-keyscan -t rsa plat3 >> ~/.ssh/known_hosts
    

    The following is an example:

    plat1:~ # ssh-keyscan -t rsa plat3 >> ~/.ssh/known_hosts 
    # plat3 SSH-2.0-OpenSSH_5.1 
    

    NOTE:

    • After being accepted, the public key of a remote host will be saved in the $HOME/.ssh/known_hosts file on the local host. When connecting to the remote host next time, the system can recognize that the public key of the remote host has been saved on the local host and then skip alarms.
    • If the known_hosts file is deleted from the local host, the mutual trust between the local and remote hosts remains valid, but alarms will be reported. To prevent such alarms, set the StrictHostKeyChecking parameter in the /etc/ssh/ssh_config file to no.
  3. Send the known_hosts file to all the other hosts except the local host. In this example, send the known_hosts file on host plat1 to hosts plat2 and plat3.

    a.Send the known_hosts file to host plat2. When Password: is displayed, enter the password for logging in to host plat2.

      ```
      scp -r .ssh plat2:~
      ```
    
      The following is an example:
    
      ```
      plat1:~ # scp -r .ssh plat2:~
      Password: 
      authorized_keys                 100%  796     0.8KB/s   00:00    
      id_rsa                          100% 1675     1.6KB/s   00:00    
      id_rsa.pub                      100%  398     0.4KB/s   00:00    
      known_hosts                     100% 1089     1.1KB/s   00:00    b
      ```
    

    b.Send the known_hosts file to host plat3. When Password: is displayed, enter the password for logging in to host plat3.

      ```
      scp -r .ssh plat3:~
      ```
    
      The following is an example:
    
      ```
      plat1:~ # scp -r .ssh plat3:~
      Password: 
      authorized_keys                 100%  796     0.8KB/s   00:00    
      id_rsa                          100% 1675     1.6KB/s   00:00    
      id_rsa.pub                      100%  398     0.4KB/s   00:00    
      known_hosts                     100% 1089     1.1KB/s   00:00    
      ```
    
  4. Run the **ssh **Host name command to check whether mutual trust has been successfully established. Then, enter exit.

    plat1:~ # ssh plat2
    Last login: Sat Jun 20 14:01:07 2020
    plat2:~ # exit
    logout
    Connection to plat2 closed.
    plat1:~ # 
    

    NOTE: If there are more than three hosts, the procedure of manually establishing mutual trust between the hosts is similar to the one in this section. Assume that the host names are plat1, plat2, plat3, … Firstly, generate a licensed file for user root on host plat1 (referred to as the local host). Secondly, obtain the public keys of all the hosts (plat1, plat2, plat3, …) between which mutual trust needs to be established, and write the public keys to the known_hosts file on the local host. Thirdly, send the file from the local host to all the other hosts (plat2, plat3, …). Finally, verify that mutual trust has been successfully established.

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