Executing SQL Statements Using the Client Tool

Use the client tool to connect to openGauss and execute an SQL statement.

Prerequisites

You have connected to openGauss using the client tool. For details about the connection method, see Connecting to a Database Locally.

Executing an SQL Statement

Method 1:

  1. Log in as the OS user omm to the primary node of the database.

  2. Connect to the openGauss server using the gsql tool.

    gsql -h 10.180.123.163 -d postgres -U jack -p 8000 -r
    

    Use the -d parameter to specify the target database name, the -U parameter to specify the database username, the -h parameter to specify the host name, and the -p parameter to specify the port number.

    NOTE:
    If the database name is not specified, the default database name generated during initialization will be used. If the database username is not specified, the current OS username will be used by default. If a variable does not belong to any parameter (such as -d and -U), and -d is not specified, the variable will be used as the database name. If -d is specified but -U is not specified, the variable will be used as the database username.

  3. Run a SQL statement.

    The following takes creating database human_staff as an example:

    CREATE DATABASE human_staff;
    CREATE DATABASE
    

    Ordinarily, input lines end when a command-terminating semicolon is reached. If the command is sent and executed without any error, the command output is displayed on the screen.

Method 2:

  1. Log in as the OS user omm to the primary node of the database.

  2. Run the following SQL statement:

    gsql -d postgres -h 10.29.103.168 -U jack -p 8000 -W Gauss@123 -c 'CREATE DATABASE human_staff'
    

    The gsql tool uses the -d parameter to specify the target database name, the -U parameter to specify the database username, the -h parameter to specify the host name, the -p parameter to specify the port number, and the -c parameter to specify the SQL statement to be executed. To run this statement, you must have corresponding permissions.

Executing Files in Batches

  1. Log in as the OS user omm to the primary node of the database.

  2. Use gsql to connect to the target database and use files as the command source instead of interactively-entered commands. After the files are processed, gsql exits.

    gsql -h 10.180.123.163 -d postgres -U jack -p 8000 -f /home/omm/staff.sql
    

    The gsql tool uses the -d parameter to specify the target database name, the -U parameter to specify the database username, the -h parameter to specify the host name, the -p parameter to specify the port number, and the -f parameter to specify the file name (an absolute path or relative path that meets the OS path naming convention).

    This command is used to connect to port 8000 of database postgres on a remote host as user jack, and the staff.sql file is used as the command source.

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    openGauss 2024-05-25 00:45:01
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